Nutrient Talk

Alright guys its about midnight 48 right now and I think I have just finished my to do list for today and tomorrow but I'm sure I will find something else to do because Im such a busy body. Anyways, guys I have been doing some studying and I thought I should write about what I have been learning so that way, you learn as I learn (2 birds with one stone). I have been getting a lot of messages about my blogs and I'm really happy that you are all benefitting from it and finding it entertaining. Please guys, your feedback is appreciated.

Ok, on to the main subject! Nutrients.

The ultimate biological reason for eating Is to obtain nourishment. Just like your body and my body, food is a mixture of chemicals, some of which are essential for your body to function. These essential chemicals are called nutrients. We all need nutrients for growth and development, for maintaining cells and tissues, for fuel to do physical and metabolic work and for regulating the hundreds of thousands of body processes that goes on inside us every second of every day.

Food must provide these nutrients as the body can't produce enough of them you know. This is why I encourage people to eat and not take supplements all the time. Lets talk about the six classes of nutrients in food:

  • Carbohydrates

  • Vitamins

  • Fats

  • Proteins

  • Minerals

  • Water

Food contain a mixture of nutrients and in most cases, protein, fats or carbohydrates dominate. Quick lesson; carbohydrate actually means carbon of hydrates. This tells you the exact composition of this nutrient. Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and are an important source of fuel for the body hence I say this a lot "Don't cut your carbs because your body needs it. At least a minimum of 45% of your total daily calorie intake should come from carbohydrates. Dietary carbohydrates include starches and sugars found in grains, vegetable, dried beans, peas or legumes and fruits. You also get carbs from diary products but hardly any from meat obviously because that is where most of our protein comes from.

If anytime you see the word "Lipids", it basically means fats and oil. There is a lot of big literature regarding this macronutrient so I won't bore you with the details. Let's keep it simple. Triglyceride is a type of fat that is another important fuel source for the body. So yes! you as well as carbs, you can get energy from fats. There are other fat-like substances in food such as lipoproteins and phospholipids that have other important functions in the body such as providing structure for body cells, carrying fat-soluble vitamins and providing cholesterol. They are also contributing materials to the making of many hormones.

Lets talk about the dietary sources of fats;

  • Oils you cook with or add to food

  • natural fats in meat and dairy products

  • Plant sources such as coconut, olives, avocado and nuts

Proteins!! The macronutrient we love so much. So as we all know its a organic compound made of smaller building blocks known as amino acids. So unlike carbs and fats, amino acid contains nitrogen as well as carbon and hydrogen and oxygen. That's a lot right? Sorry, I'm so fascinated by this. Anyways without getting too scientific, protein can also be an energy source as its in a variety of foods however, meat and diary product contains the greatest amount. Grains, legumes and vegetables all contribute protein to the diet.

Vitamins!! The one we all ignore. See we all prioritise our macronutrients but forget about the micro. Vitamins regulates body processes such as energy production, blood clotting and calcium balance. They help to keep organs and tissues suctioning and healthy (Understand how important they are now...? So don't neglect them). Vitamins are in a wide variety of foods, not just fruits and vegetables. They can be in meats (B12), grains, legumes, diary products and even fats. Choosing a well balanced diet usually makes vitamin supplements unnecessary which is why I say again, don't cut down on macros. Eat a balanced diet and pick the best choices from carbs, proteins and fats. Also, taking vitamins in large doses can be harmful to the body but I think I will go more in depth on the topic of vitamins another time because there is a lot to talk about here.

Thank you for reading guys. For anymore questions, send me an email or send a message on instagram or Facebook.

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